Definition and Types of Personal Injury Lawsuits

Personal Injury Lawsuits

A Personal Injury Lawsuits is a civil action brought by an injured person against the person or entity responsible for their injuries.

The purpose of the lawsuit is to recover financial compensation for the losses suffered because of the accident, including medical expenses, lost wages and pain and suffering.

In order to win a personal injury lawsuit, you must be able to prove that the defendant is liable for your injuries.

This means showing that they were negligent or otherwise at fault for the accident.

Once liability has been established, the court will then determine how much money you may receive in damages, if you don’t settle beforehand.


Types of Personal Injury Lawsuits

There are many different types of personal injury lawsuits, but some of the most common include:

  1. Car accidents

  2. Slip and fall accidents

  3. Medical malpractice

  4. Workplace injuries

  5. Defective product injuries


The type of personal injury lawsuit you file will depend on the specific facts of your case.

For example, if you were injured in a car accident, you would file a personal injury lawsuit against the at-fault driver.

If you were injured by a defective product, you may file a product liability claim against the manufacturer.

Key Steps in a Personal Injury Lawsuit

  • Building Your Case

Your lawyer will gather information about your asbestos exposure history and medical history.

  • Filing the Case

Your lawyer will prepare and file a written complaint with a court to start the legal process.

  • Responses Personal Injury Lawsuits

Each defendant will have a set amount of time — usually 30 days — to respond to the complaint. Defendants will most likely deny your claims.

  • Discovery

Your lawyer and the defendant’s lawyers will begin putting together your case.

This includes evidence that can be used at the trial, such as employment documents, answers to written questions and recorded depositions.

  • Settlement or Trial

The defendant may offer a settlement before the case goes to trial.

Most mesothelioma lawsuits are resolved as settlements.

Your attorney will negotiate on your behalf and work with you to decide whether to take the offer or proceed to trial.

  • Appeal

If the case does go to court and you win, the defendant may decide to file an appeal.

This will usually delay any payments from the award.

If the appeal is successful, your award may be reduced or completely taken away.

If the appeal is denied, you will typically begin receiving payments.

Filing a Personal Injury Lawsuits

To begin a personal injury lawsuit, you file a complaint with the court.

This document will outline your allegations against the defendant, as well as damages that you are seeking.

The complaint will also include a summons, which is a document that notifies the defendant of the lawsuit and requires them to respond in a certain amount of time.

You’ll need to have the complaint and summons served on the defendant.

After the complaint is filed, the defendant will likely file a response.

This document will either deny the allegations made in the complaint or admit to some of them.

The response will also include defenses that the defendant plans to use in court.

After the response is filed, both sides will begin exchanging documents known as discovery.

During discovery, each side will request information from the other side, including witness statements, medical records and financial documents.

This process can take many months or even years, depending on the complexities of the case.

If both sides cannot settle during discovery, they will then attend settlement conferences where they attempt to come to an agreement.

Some jurisdictions may also require mediation or arbitration.

If these conferences fail, the case will then go to trial.

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